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Medulograma - Conhecer Saúde
Home | Exames | M: | Medulograma

Medulograma

Tamanho da fonte: Decrease font Enlarge font
image Este exame não implica tratamento nem preparação prévia.

O medulograma ou mielograma é um exame feito ás células da medula óssea, para avaliar se a produção de sangue é normal, qual o aspecto das células e se há presença de células malignas.

A medula óssea está na parte interna dos ossos, pelo que para ser colhida é necessário anestesiar a zona onde vai ser colhida. Depois é introduzida uma agulha e aspirada uma pequena quantidade de medula e colocada em várias lâminas para analisar no microscópio. 

Os ossos onde se costuma colher são o ilíaco, esterno e tíbia. O médico pode optar por fazer biópsia, mas neste caso não se inclui o esterno como local de punção.

O medulograma detecta doenças como leucemias, infecções e parasitoses, através da visualização directa no microscópio.

Para realizar este exame é aconselhável jejum de 3 horas após o almoço e jantar. Pode ser feito após refeições leves.

 

Referencias: Manual de Enfermagem: Exames Laboratoriais e Diagnósticos - Editora - Editora Nova Guanabara

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Dr. X on 01/06/2009 02:20:47
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A foto apresentada é de mielografia, para fazer contraste e avaliar medula espinhal. A medula óssea se encontra nos ossos chatos e longos, principalmente femur, ilio, ponta do isquio e esterno.
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Cátia Sousa on 24/02/2010 21:42:32
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O exame está correcto.
A mielografia é uma técnica através da qual se tira uma radiografia da medula e não um pouco de medula como ilustra correctamente a imagem, após uma injeção de um meio de contraste na zona a examinar. A mielografia permitirá analisar as anomalias do interior da coluna vertebral, como por exemplo uma hérnia discal ou um tumor canceroso.
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image , concluiu Curso Superior de Enfermagem em 1996 e a Licenciatura em Enfermagem em 2001. Fez em 2003 o Curso Inicial de Formadores e renovou em 2008. Editora do Conhecer Saúde.


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